With the IAEA report in February 2007 that Iran failed to comply with UNSCRs 1696 and 1737, new sanctions were adopted under UNSCR 1747 (24 March 2007), including an expanded list of individuals and entities involved in nuclear and missile activities (e.g. Bank Sepah, front companies, and members of the Iranian revolutionary guards) and new sanctions were imposed banning arms transfers from Iran.
Coerce Iran to suspend its nuclear activities, and to comply with IAEA requirements.
Constrain Iran’s development of its nuclear and missile programs.
Signal support for non-proliferation norms, specifically NPT and the role of the IAEA in monitoring nuclear programs.
Sanctions Committee in place, no sanctions monitoring mechanism. Designation criteria were specified and targets designated (maximum number of designees during the episode – 27 individual designees, 23 entities). Enforcement authorities not specified.
IAEA noted progress by Iran on addressing some outstanding issues in February 2008, but no clear progress or concessions on the major issue (clarity on the purposes of the program).
Sanctions and diplomatic pressure reinforced IAEA negotiations with Iran.
Iranian exports of arms appeared to decline, but the data was spotty; Russian sales of arms also declined in the episode.
Primary effect from non-UN sanctions and informal US pressure on financial sector to limit Iranian business; little UN attention to implementation.
Support for non-proliferation norm and reinforcing IAEA authority clear.
Sanctions reinforced other measures (diplomatic pressure).
Insufficient information available at present.