Armed conflict was officially declared over (January 2002), Kabbah won landslide election (May 2002), British forces left (July 2002) and sanctions remained in place to support a larger peacebuilding process. Sierra Leone became one of the first two countries (along with Burundi) officially taken up by the UN's Peacebuilding Architecture. Sanctions gradually phased out (diamond sanctions lapsed in 5 June 2003), as peacebuilding activities (DDR, SSR, reconciliation) became more prominent.
Support peacebuilding efforts in Sierra Leone; draw down PKO, convert PKO to support DDR, and establish a Peacebuilding office; coerce/induce rebel factions to participate in peace-building process.
Constrain potential spoilers.
Signal rebel factions and to the international community, the utility of peace building support activities of the UNPBC.
Ongoing travel ban, arms imports embargo on non-governmental entities, and ban on export of rough diamonds (not certified by Kimberley Process).
Diamond exports ban lapsed in June 2003, all other sanctions were terminated in September 2010.
Maximum number of designees during the episode: 57 individuals.
UN sanctions can have some non-discriminating impact on the general population, since they include arms embargoes, diplomatic sanctions, and/or restrictions on the conduct of particular activities or the export of specific commodities.
Diamond exports ban sanctions were renewed for a limited time period (6 months), travel ban and arms imports embargo in place indefinitely. Sanctions Committee in place, no sanctions monitoring mechanism (mandate of Panel of Experts not renewed). Designation criteria were specified and targets designated. Enforcement authorities specified, PKO had enforcement role.
Potential spoilers were constrained; substantial DDR as early as February 2004, local elections took place, war crimes trials began, peacekeepers departed, peaceful transition from Kabbah regime to opposition party..
Sanctions supported complementary peacebuilding activities.
Potential spoilers were deterred from destabilizing the regime, PBC credited with some success.
Sanctions combined with rulings of the special court to stigmatize former RUF leaders.
Increase in the growth of the state role in the economy.