Somalia (Eritrea)


23 January 1992 - Present
(over 29 years)
Counter-terrorism, Cease hostilities, Agreement negotiation, Peace enforcement, Peacebuilding, Human rights, Support humanitarian efforts
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity)
  • Arms (arms imports and exports embargo)
  • Commodity (charcoal exports ban)
  • Financial sector (diaspora tax ban)

Secondary sanctions on Eritrea during EP4 and EP5.

Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU), Unilateral (US)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy, Peace operations, Use of military force, Covert measures


Following the overthrow of the military dictatorship of Siad Barre in January 1991, a power struggle ensued between different militia factions (or clans) within Somalia, particularly between Mohamed Farah Aideed and Ali Mahdi Mohamed. During the civil war that followed, an estimated 350,000 Somalis died of war, disease, and famine, and images of famine were displayed worldwide.