UN sanctions are the only restrictive measures legally binding on all UN member states, but they are rarely the only sanctions in place. Other multilateral and unilateral restrictive measures are frequently imposed before, after, or in parallel with UN sanctions. Consideration of the impact and effectiveness of UN sanctions should take into account also the type and scope of sanctions imposed by:
Sanctions are almost never the only policy instruments applied to address conflict situations. Their use should thus be coordinated, and their impact understood, in relation to other tools used by the UN, as well as by states and regional organizations, including:
Although sanctions are imposed by states and multilateral organizations, their impact to a large extent depends on their implementation by private sector actors. As a result, active engagement with the private sector, including timely communication, issuance of implementation guidance, and monitoring, is often crucial for sanctions effectiveness.
To facilitate the implementation of UN sanctions at the national level, member state capacity might need to be enhanced in a number of areas, including:
To mitigate the effects of sanctions, targets often resort to a number of coping and evasion methods, including:
Sanctions can have a number of unintended consequences, most of them negative. These include, among others: