UN SanctionsApp Version 7.0 - Last update: August 2023
UNSanctionsApp is an interactive analytical tool that can be used in real time by both scholars and policy practitioners who have an interest in examining, or who are working on designing and implementing, UN sanctions.
UNSanctionsApp is available both as a regular Android and iOS application and as a Progressive Web App (PWA).
The regular UNSanctionsApp is downloadable from Google Play Store (Android) and Apple App Store (iOS). The PWA version of UNSanctionsApp can be accessed via a web browser across different devices or downloaded to your phone for faster access. Upon installation, the PWA will behave like a native phone app and be available offline.
To install UNSanctionsApp on your device as a PWA, please follow the instructions below.
In the Safari browser on your phone or tablet, press the share button and select "Add to home screen". Click Add (in the top right corner) to confirm the installation.
On Android devices, you will be automatically prompted to install the App on the home screen. If the prompt does not appear, click on the install button in the address bar (located to the right of the web address of the App), then select "Install". On most devices, the install button includes an arrow or a plus sign.
UNSanctionsApp can also be downloaded to your computer through Chrome or Opera web browsers. Once installed, the content of the App will be available on your desktop when offline.
Please note that other web browsers, such as Safari for macOS or Firefox, do not support the installation of PWAs on desktops.
UNSanctionsApp is managed and updated at the Global Governance Centre at the Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland. Since 2014, the UNSanctionsApp team consists of Prof. Thomas Biersteker, Dr. Zuzana Hudáková, and Dr. Marcos Tourinho, who conduct scholarly research on UN sanctions and update the content of the App on an annual basis.
Thomas J. Biersteker is the Gasteyger Professor of International Security and Director for Policy Research at the Geneva Graduate Institute. He previously taught at Yale University, the University of Southern California, and Brown University, where he directed the Watson Institute for International Studies. Principal developer of UNSanctionsApp, he is the author/editor of ten books, including Targeted Sanctions: The Impacts and Effectiveness of UN Action (Cambridge University Press, 2016). His research focuses primarily on international relations theory, multilateral governance, and international sanctions. His recent activities include work with the UN and Member States on the design and analysis of UN targeted sanctions. He received his Ph.D. and M.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his B.A. from the University of Chicago.
Zuzana Hudáková is an associate researcher at the Geneva Graduate Institute, where she has obtained her M.A. and Ph.D. Her research focuses on the politics of contestation and everyday resistance in authoritarian regimes and the use and effectiveness of UN sanctions. She has played a prominent role in developing both the content and the format of UNSanctionsApp since its inception in 2013. Her recent publications include "UN Targeted Sanctions: Historical Challenges and Current Developments" (Research Handbook on Economic Sanctions, forthcoming), "Targeting Individuals: Weighing the 'Economic Damage' and 'Political Utility' of Sanctions" (Multilateral Sanctions Dissected, forthcoming), and "UN Targeted Sanctions Datasets, 1991-2013" (Journal of Peace Research, 2018). Her recent activities include consultancies and professional trainings on sanctions.
Marcos Tourinho is Assistant Professor of International Relations at Fundação Getulio Vargas in São Paulo. His research interests include international institutions, international law and global justice, with an emphasis on international security governance. Tourinho holds a Ph.D. from the Geneva Graduate Institute, where he is also a Research Associate. His recent publications include "UN Targeted Sanctions Datasets, 1991-2013" (Journal of Peace Research, 2018), Targeted Sanctions: The Impacts and Effectiveness of United Nations Action (Cambridge University Press, 2016), and "The Impact of the Libya Intervention Debates on Norms of Protection" (Global Society, 2016).
UNSanctionsApp contains information about all UN sanctions imposed since 1991. There are six core parts of the App:
Provides an overview of all types of sanctions imposed by the UN, presented on a scale from most to least targeted (with potential scope of impact indicated). In addition to a comprehensive menu of UN sanctions, the section also includes sample text for different types of UN sanctions, drawing on language used previously by the Security Council.
Presents a detailed qualitative overview and analysis of 80 different episodes within all 26 sanctions regimes imposed by the UN since 1991, including assessments of their effectiveness and links to relevant UN Security Council resolutions.
Provides a quick overview of factors that should be considered when designing sanctions and includes examples of past UN sanctions design variations, including regarding implementation, reporting, sanctions modifications, and termination options.
Enables filtering through UN sanctions episodes to identify specific examples or most appropriate analogies to contemporary situations based on key characteristics of interest (such as the type of conflict, purposes, objectives, effectiveness of UN sanctions, or the presence of other policy measures).
Presents basic facts about UN sanctions.
Presents the basic concepts and logic behind the organization of the App, guiding the user through its various components.
The App also includes a Search function. Located in the top right corner of the screen, it provides the user with the ability to search through the content of the App.
UNSanctionsApp is based on research originally undertaken by the Targeted Sanctions Consortium (TSC), a group of more than fifty scholars and policy practitioners worldwide with interest in and specialized knowledge of UN targeted sanctions.
The TSC project was the first comprehensive, systematic, and comparative assessment of the impacts and effectiveness of UN targeted sanctions regimes and included assessments of all UN targeted sanctions regimes from 1991 to 2013. The TSC conceptual innovations include (1) a focus on case episodes within broader country cases that allows detailed analysis of changes in types and purposes of targeted sanctions over time; and (2) an analysis of effectiveness in terms of the different purposes of targeted sanctions – to coerce, constrain, or signal targets.
Since 2014, the App has been updated and maintained by a three person team, consisting of Prof. Thomas Biersteker, Dr. Zuzana Hudáková, and Dr. Marcos Tourinho, that continues its work under the auspices of the Graduate Institute in Geneva. Since its inception, the App has also provided access to text from hundreds of UN Security Council resolutions and incorporated interactive filtering features based on the TSC's original quantitative and qualitative datasets.
The 2020/2021 re-launch of the App, also includes an updated Checklist and Sanctions filter tool (formerly known as "Analogy finder") and a new "User guide" section (which outlines the various sections and explains the main concepts used throughout the App).
UNSanctionsApp, previously known as SanctionsApp, was developed at the Graduate Institute, Geneva, with the support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
Version 1.0 (June 2013) was produced by the TSC's co-directors, Thomas Biersteker and Sue Eckert, and by Marcos Tourinho and Zuzana Hudáková, with extensive assistance from Cecilia Cannon. The App was designed and programmed by Colaco SA.
In April 2020, with the support of Global Affairs Canada, the Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the App was redesigned as a Progressive Web App (PWA) by Webikon, s.r.o. At the same time, the App was renamed UNSanctionsApp to better reflect its UN focus.
In June 2021, thanks to additional support from Global Affairs Canada, a new native iOS and Android version of UNSanctionsApp designed by Webikon, s.r.o. was launched to complement the existing PWA version.
The empirical content of UNSanctionsApp is updated on a regular basis by Thomas Biersteker, Zuzana Hudáková, and Marcos Tourinho. The assessments of effectiveness in Version 7.0 date from August 2023. In the past, content updates have been self-financed. The Government of Switzerland is providing financial support for the updates of the App between 2020 and 2023.
Neither the Graduate Institute, the Government of Switzerland, the Government of Canada, nor the App technical designers bear any responsibility for the assessments of effectiveness of UN sanctions contained in the App, or other App content, which are the sole responsibility and intellectual property of the content developers.
© Copyright 2013-2023 by Thomas Biersteker, Zuzana Hudáková, and Marcos Tourinho.
All rights reserved. No part of this app may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without prior written permission from the authors, except in the case of brief, properly attributed quotations.
For more information, including the TSC quantitative and qualitative datasets, please consult the TSC website, as well as research profiles of UN SanctionsApp team members:
This policy applies to all personal data collected via UNSanctionsApp on any operating system.
The Geneva Graduate Institute is committed to respecting your privacy and protecting your personal data in accordance with applicable legislation.
Device ID: a unique identifier for the device on which you use the UN SanctionsApp.
Crash Data: in the case of a crash of the UNSanctionsApp, an anonymous report containing all the precise actions that lead to the crash is sent to a crash reporting tool.
UNSanctionsApp collects Device ID and Crash Data to provide the best possible user experience. Errors that occur when launching an update are collected when a new App update is requested by the user. No personal data is shared with third parties at any point. For analytical purposes, the web version of UNSanctionsApp uses third party services that may collect information used to identify you. Website data collected by Google Analytics on the web version of UNSanctionsApp may include data such as browser settings, IP address, cookie information, frequency and duration of visits, search terms, or clicks on content. Depending on your Google settings, your activity might be linked to activity on other sites that use the same services. For more information, please consult Google Privacy & Terms.
By using our Application you acknowledge that you have read and agreed to the terms of this policy.
This policy is effective as of 4 June 2021.
Last updated: 31 August 2023.