User guide

Designing sanctions

Outlines important considerations for sanctions design and implementation. It includes, among others, information on UN sanctions monitoring infrastructure, temporal and territorial adjustments to sanctions, as well as the importance of considering other simultaneously employed sanctions and policy instruments.

Includes a set of core UN sanctions design considerations:

  • Purposes (i.e. the overall logic behind the intended impact on the target).
  • Specific targets of sanctions.
  • Types of measures imposed.
  • Territorial, temporal, and other scope limitations of individual sanctions measures.
  • Main institutional support structures within the UN.
  • Policy objectives driving considerations of sanctions suspension and / or termination.
  • Ways to keep UN sanctions current.

Outlines other factors to keep in mind when designing UN sanctions, including:

  • Other, non-UN, sanctions already in place.
  • Sanctions interaction with other policy measures.
  • The role of the private sector in sanctions implementation.
  • Member state implementation capacity.
  • Coping and evasion methods.
  • Unintended consequences.

Surveys past UN sanctions practices regarding:

  • Designation procedures.
  • Reporting requirements.
  • Monitoring mechanisms.
  • Enforcement of sanctions.

Specifies past use of the following adjustments to UN sanctions:

  • Exemptions.
  • Territorial delimitations.
  • Temporal adjustments.
  • De-listing mechanisms.
  • Secondary sanctions.

Identifies past UN experiences with:

  • Full and partial sanctions suspensions.
  • Lifting (termination) of sanctions regimes.
  • Re-starting of sanctions with a new focus or mandate.