Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Overview


Status
Ongoing
Duration
14 October 2006 - Present
(over 13 years)
Objectives
Non-proliferation
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity)
  • Diplomatic (limit territory use, limit accounts, suspension of cooperation, work authorization limits, mandatory repatriation of workers and supervisors)
  • Arms (imports and exports embargo)
  • Proscribed activities (proliferation sensitive goods and technology)
  • Commodity (luxury goods, aviation fuel, coal, iron, iron ore, gold, titanium ore, vanadium ore, rare earth minerals, copper, nickel, silver, zinc, statues, lead, lead ore, seafood, textiles, condensates and natural gas liquids, refined petroleum products, crude oil, food and agricultural products, earth and stone, wood, machinery, electrical equipment, iron, steel, other metals, industrial machinery)
  • Transportation (vessels, aircraft, transportation vehicles, port entry ban, ship-to-ship transfers, vessels and aircraft servicing and services)
  • Financial sector (joint ventures, operations of banks and financial institutions, trade support)
  • (Additional travel ban, asset freeze, diplomatic, arms, proliferation, transportation, and financial sector conditional sanctions measures)
Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU), Unilateral (US, other)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy

Background


In January 2003, the DPRK officially withdrew from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), becoming the first and only signatory country to ever do so. Six-Party (US, China, Russia, South Korea, DPRK, and Japan) Talks began in August 2003, aimed at getting the DPRK to end its nuclear weapons program and re-join the NPT in return for assistance and security guarantees. Four rounds of talks took place between 2003 and 2005, resulting in a September 2005 announcement that DPRK agreed to a process to end its nuclear program, re-join the NPT, and allow IAEA monitors to return. Negotiations were suspended in November 2005, however, following the US imposition of unilateral financial sanctions against Banco Delta Asia (BDA), a Macau bank the US accused of engaging in money laundering and counterfeiting activities and in which DPRK had $25 million. In February 2006, High-level talks between Japan and the DPRK, the first since 2003, failed to yield agreement on key issues, including the fate of Japanese citizens abducted by North Korea.

In July 2006, the DPRK launched seven ballistic missiles, ending an eight-year moratorium on missile launches. Ten days later, the Security Council passed UNSCR 1695 (15 July 2006), condemning the launches of ballistic missiles by the DPRK and calling on States “to exercise vigilance and prevent missile and missile-related items, materials, goods and technology being transferred to DPRK’s missile or WMD programmes.”

Episodes


The analysis of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) case is divided into the following episodes (navigatable via the numbers in the top bar):

Episode 1 (14 Oct 2006 - 13 Apr 2009)

Episode 2 (13 Apr 2009 - 7 Mar 2013)

Episode 3 (7 Mar 2013 - 2 Mar 2016)

Episode 4 (2 Mar 2016 - 30 Nov 2016)

Episode 5 (30 Nov 2016 - 5 Aug 2017)

Episode 6 (5 Aug 2017 - 11 Sep 2017)

Episode 7 (11 Sep 2017 - 22 Dec 2017)

Episode 8 (22 Dec 2017 - Present)