Liberia

Overview


Status
Terminated
Duration
19 November 1992 - 25 May 2016
(over 23 years)
Objectives
Cease hostilities, Peace enforcement, Peacebuilding, Democracy support, Support judicial process
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity)
  • Diplomatic (limit diplomatic travel)
  • Arms (arms imports embargo)
  • Commodity (diamonds and timber exports ban)
Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU, ECOWAS), Unilateral (US)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy, Legal tribunals, Peace operations, Use of military force, DDR/SSR

Background


In December 1989, forces of the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) led by Charles Taylor launched an uprising against the Liberian government from Côte d'Ivoire. ECOWAS sent peacekeeping forces to Liberia (ECOMOG) in August 1990. A ceasefire accord was signed in Bamako, Mali in November 1990.

Episodes


The analysis of the Liberia case is divided into the following episodes (navigatable via the numbers in the top bar):

Episode 1 (19 Nov 1992 - 7 Mar 2001)

Episode 2 (7 Mar 2001 - 6 May 2003)

Episode 3 (6 May 2003 - 22 Dec 2003)

Episode 4 (22 Dec 2003 - 16 Jun 2006)

Episode 5 (16 Jun 2006 - 25 May 2016)