Libya II


26 February 2011 - Present
(over 10 years)
Cease hostilities, Agreement negotiation, Peace enforcement, Peacebuilding, Democracy support, Human rights, Responsibility to protect
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity / government)
  • Arms (arms imports and exports embargo)
  • Commodity (illicit petroleum exports ban)
  • Transportation (aviation, vessels port entry, and bunkering ban)
  • Financial sector (sovereign wealth funds, Central Bank, and financial transactions)

Conditional aviation ban during EP2.

Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU), Unilateral (US, UK)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy, Legal tribunals, Threat of military force, Use of military force, DDR/SSR


During the first months of 2011, a series of popular protests erupted across the Middle East and North Africa, demanding greater political and economic freedoms. Following the overthrow of Presidents Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia on 14 January 2011 and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt on 11 February 2011, significant pressure was exerted on the Muammar Qadhafi regime in Libya, particularly in the city of Benghazi in the east of the country which, by mid-February 2011, was under the control of the opposition.


The analysis of the Libya II case is divided into the following episodes (also navigable via the numbers in the top bar):