Libya II


26 February 2011 - Present
(over 9 years)
Cease hostilities, Agreement negotiation, Peace enforcement, Peacebuilding, Democracy support, Human rights, Responsibility to protect
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity / government)
  • Arms (arms imports and exports embargo)
  • Commodity (illicit crude oil and petroleum exports ban)
  • Transportation (aviation, vessels port entry, and bunkering ban)
  • Financial sector (sovereign wealth funds, Central Bank, and financial transactions)
  • (Conditional aviation ban during EP2)
Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU), Unilateral (US, UK)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy, Legal tribunals, Threat of military force, Use of military force, DDR/SSR


During the first months of 2011 a series of popular protests erupted across the Middle East with demands of greater political and economic freedoms. Following the overthrow of Presidents Ben Ali (Tunisia) and Mubarak (Egypt) significant pressure was exerted on the Qadhafi regime in Libya, particularly in the city of Benghazi which, by mid-February, was under the control of the opposition.


The analysis of the Libya II case is divided into the following episodes (navigatable via the numbers in the top bar):

Episode 1 (26 Feb 2011 - 17 Mar 2011)

Episode 2 (17 Mar 2011 - 16 Sep 2011)

Episode 3 (16 Sep 2011 - 19 Mar 2014)

Episode 4 (19 Mar 2014 - Present)