Al-Qaida / ISIL / Associates

Overview


Status
Ongoing
Duration
15 October 1999 - Present
(over 20 years)
Objectives
Counter-terrorism
Sanction Types
  • Travel (individual travel ban)
  • Asset freeze (individual / entity / government)
  • Diplomatic (limit diplomatic representation)
  • Arms (individual arms imports embargo)
  • Commodity (heroin processing chemical imports ban, Iraqi and Syrian cultural property exports ban)
  • Transportation (aviation ban)
  • (Territorial delimitation during EP2 to areas of Afghanistan under Taliban control - until Jan 2002)
  • (Conditional sanctions measures on foreign terrorist fighters during EP5)
Non-UN Sanctions
Regional (EU), Unilateral (US, UK, other)
Other Policy Instruments
Diplomacy, Legal tribunals, Threat of military force, Use of military force, Covert measures

Background


On 7 August 1998, the US embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya were bombed. Afghanistan under the Taliban was mentioned as a haven for terrorists in UNSCR 1193 on 28 August 1998. In November of the same year, Usama bin Laden was indicted by the US for his involvement in the bombings. UNSCR 1214 (8 December 1998) included a long list of grievances against the Taliban in addition to its provision of sanctuary and training to terrorists, including ceasefire, resumption of negotiations, adherence to international law, and cultivation, production, and trafficking of illegal drugs.

The Taliban sanctions regime was formally separated from the Al-Qaida and associates sanctions regime in June 2011 with UNSCR 1988 (establishing a separate Taliban regime) and UNSCR 1989 (establishing a separate Al-Qaida and associates regime).

Episodes


The analysis of the Al-Qaida / ISIL / Associates (AQ / ISIL / A) case is divided into the following episodes (navigatable via the numbers in the top bar):

Episode 1 (15 Oct 1999 - 19 Dec 2000)

Episode 2 (19 Dec 2000 - 11 Sep 2001)

Episode 3 (11 Sep 2001 - 17 Jun 2011)

Episode 4 (17 Jun 2011 - 24 Sep 2014)

Episode 5 (24 Sep 2014 - Present)